Workshop no



Case Study

 Nature on Your Mind - in politics


How much money do we need for effective Natura 2000 management?

Effective management and restoration of sites in the Natura 2000 network requires significant investments – estimated at about EUR 6 billion per year. To effectively implement management plans and conservation measures, a careful planning and management of financial resources is therefore crucial. For this, PAFs – Prioritised Action Frameworks – developed at national/regional levels by the EU countries, besides national budgets using also LIFE integrated projects and EU Cohesion Funds, are strategic tools. During the workshop we will consider those tools, starting from European perspective and then looking at concrete case studies. We will try to identify innovative and effective ways to ensure adequate resources for the management of Natura 2000 sites and protected areas in Europe. All this will also be put into a wider perspective, taking into account the future EU programming period post 2020.

What green prescription would we write for politicians funding N2000 sites and protected areas using PAFs?

Lead by: Federico Minozzi - EUROPARC Federation Managing Director

Micheal O’Briain – Deputy Head of Nature Protection Unit, DG Environment – European Commission
Ensuring sufficient funding is essential for the effective management and restoration of sites in the Natura 2000 network. With a view to optimising the use of EU funds for the next multiannual financial framework the European Commission has asked Member States to prepare Prioritised Action Frameworks (PAFs) that identify their strategic needs and funding priorities for investment in Natura 2000 and related Green Infrastructure.  These key planning tools will not only be directly relevant to helping ensure ambitious nature investments under the key sectoral funds (Common Agricultural Policy, Cohesion Policy, European Maritime and Fisheries Funds) but will also for nature and biodiversity projects under the new EU LIFE regulation. Building on the current experience with LIFE Integrated Projects the proposed new LIFE regulation aims to include Strategic Nature Projects (SnaPs) that will further promote integration of nature into key sectors and also help strengthen governance to achieve this.

Michael Hosek - EUROPARC Federation Natura2000 Commission chair
Introduction and overview from across Europe. 

Juris Jātnieks
The Latvian experience in financing Natura 2000 and protected areas management.


Sustainable fisheries in Marine Protected Areas: how can we make them possible?

In Coastal communities, artisanal fisheries are often pillars of their local economy. However, when Marine Protected Area regulations are established, artisanal and small scale fishermen are often confronted by strict protection measures. These can impede them carrying out their traditional fishing activities and, in reality, there are often little alternatives to support their livelihoods. In this workshop we want to learn from examples in which the MPAs management bodies and fishermen work together in order to make compatible small scale fishing activity with the conservation of the marine environment.

What green prescription would we write for politicians to support sustainable fisheries?

Lead by: Fernando Pinillos - EUROPARC Federation

Fiona Tibbit - Marine Lead Adviser, Natural England
Alice Tebb - Agents of Change Project Coordinator, Marine Conservation Society
Fisheries assessment for management measures in Cromer Shoal Chalk Beds Marine Conservation Zone in Norfolk, UK.

When this marine conservation zone  was designated, the evidence available on crab and lobster potting impacts in the site was very limited. Therefore, based on the best available evidence at that time, small scale and low impact management measures for potting were unlikely. Nowadays there is new anecdotal but compelling evidence in the form of photographs and a report to show there is some likely impact from  crab and lobster potting that is damaging to the chalk beds. The chalk is such a unique feature and part of an amazing ecosystem because of the arches and gullies and three dimensional aspect of it in a predominantly sandy seabed. Any damage of it that is irreparable is considered significant and may require management. The work on the fisheries assessment for management measures in Cromer Shoal Chalk Beds Marine Conservation Zone in Norfolk is underway in partnership with Eastern Inshore and Fisheries Conservation Authority (EIFCA). 
There are also significant implications for management of other chalk sites elsewhere and this approach is being watched closely by regulators, NGOs and fishermen


How do we increase the training, capacity building and professionalisation needs of 21st Century   Protected Areas and N2000 site managers?

Managing Protected Areas can be complex and dealing with multiple day-to-day challenges requires distinct skills and competencies. At individual, organisational and institutional levels this can be stressful, deserving time, attention and resources.

Within the scope of EUROPARC’s project, ‘Supporting e-learning and capacity building for Natura 2000 site managers’, nature conservation needs to be seen as an investment and not a cost. This workshop puts the training, learning, experience exchange and knowledge-building needs of Protected Areas professionals centre-stage to determine what learning approaches are required and work best?

What green prescription would we write for politicians to develop the capacity of protected area professionals?

Lead by: Neil McIntosh - EUROPARC Federation

Marie Micol - Future Landscapes:
In the UK, Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONBs) are designated landscapes protected in the national interest for their distinctive character and natural beauty: they cover about 18% of the English and Welsh countryside. The Future Landscapes project is delivered by the UK charity the National Association for AONBs. The project explores how the AONB Network and its national charity can become more resilient and better prepared to address strategic challenges. It is part of a wider initiative to develop organisational and professional capacity to respond to changing political, policy and fiscal challenges. A professional development programme, ‘Taking the Lead’, is being delivered to a cohort of 40 AONB staff to help develop greater collaborative working across the AONB Network. Participants come from 30 AONBs in England and Wales and are receiving psychometric profiling and coaching. Topic Working Groups have just been established to develop interconnected local teams addressing complex problems facing AONBs.


What new standards are need for National Parks: perspectives from the Netherlands?

This workshop will look at designing a landscape, connecting the natural core of the national park with the surrounding landscape and other national park goals.

Governance models for a national park in tune with local needs, development of sustainable tourism.

Development of an international marketing campaign for national parks of the Netherlands looking at European experience.

What green prescription would we write for politicians to develop and recognise standards for National Parks?

Lead By: Hans Schiphorst - Low Countries section

Nature on Your Mind – in business


What cost-effective and low-impact models are possible for businesses and protected areas to manage sustainable tourism?

How can we prevent and reduce the impact of tourism? This workshop will explore the importance of using participatory planning approaches to developing sustainable tourism with businesses and discuss ways to monitor the activities effectively.

What green prescription would we write for business and protected areas to manage sustainable tourism?

This workshop is organized as a part of the Interreg Central Baltic Programme 2014-2020 project CB779 “Long distance cross-border hiking trail ”The Forest Trail”. This project is part-financed by the European Union and European Regional Development Fund Central Baltic Programme.

Lead by: Paulo Castro - EUROPARC Federation

Asnate Ziemele - Latvia Rural Tourism Association "Lauku celotajs"/ Baltic Country Holidays
How to plan and monitor "long distance walking trails". The presentation will share experiences from the Interreg Central Baltic Programme 2014-2020 project CB779 “Long distance cross- border hiking trail "The Forest Trail" where more than 1000 km Forest Trail Riga-Tallinn will be developed running through forests and protected areas. Other experiences that will be shared include other long distance hiking trails such as on the seaside of Latvia and Estonia.

Agita Līviņa - Vidzeme University of Applied Sciences, UNESCO Chair in Biosphere and Man
What are the needs and motivation of future consumers (youth between 16 and 25 years) regarding sustainable tourism experience in protected areas? The case study will show the findings of the youth survey conducted in Latvia, focusing on the motivation to go outdoors, on the required services and preferred communication forms. According to these findings, tourism business and park managers should be required to issue appropriate green prescriptions.


How can nature-based solutions, innovation and traditional knowledge, support biodiversity and farmers’ income in Protected Areas?

Productivity in the agricultural sector has seen remarkable growth in the past decades, often at the expense of the environment. A new approach is urgent. This workshop will explore how innovative methodologies can revalue traditional knowledge and what new partnerships among all actors can offer Agriculture. We will look at nature-based solutions and how Protected Areas and Natura 2000 sites can be perfect laboratories to experiment.

What green prescription would we write for food production and protected areas to manage agriculture more sustainably?

Lead by: Stefania Petrosillo - EUROPARC Federation

Kaja Lotman - Environmental Board of Estonia
“Restoration and grazing for reintroduction of Estonian alvar grasslands together with farmers and landowners” The aim of the project “LIFE to alvars” was to restore 2,500 ha of alvar grassland in 19 Natura 2000 sites and to involve local farmers and landowners in the long-term management of the restored sites. All restored sites became eligible for CAP agri-environmental payments which ensure the viability of both farming activities and the habitats over the longer term. In addition, the project has helped farmers to create additional revenue from the grassland management by organising an Added Value Products Working Group for the farmers. As a by-product, the landscape of the restored site has become more attractive to visitors. By reintroducing a profitable land use on the sites, the project was able to change the public notion of Natura 2000 from being an instrument that restricts land use options to one that can create new income opportunities. “Our work is definitely transferable to other areas. But planning needs to start early to engage so many two people. We would definitely encourage others – the results are worth it!” In 2018 this project won the Natura 2000 Award in the Socio-economic benefits category.

Riccardo Bocci -
Rete Semi Rurali/Farmers’ Seeds Network

“The EU program Horizon2020 for Research and Innovation in agriculture and biodiversity: the examples of two European projects (DIVERSIFOOD, DYNAVERSITY)” According to the Horizon2020 Program: “Reconciling production with the sustainable management of land and other natural resources is considered as being the major challenge for current and future agriculture and forest systems. Research and innovation are crucial to rise to the challenge, and research and demonstration activities have to encourage cooperation across basic and applied research disciplines, as well as between researchers, practitioners, businesses and other stakeholders. The resulting innovations should benefit a diverse primary production sector and ensure that high quality products and services continue to be delivered in sustainable ways”. The two projects show as a multi-actor approach can expand capacities to manage genetic resources and to support their use in breeding, farming and the food chain, and can enrich the diversity of cultivated plants within diverse agroecosystems so as to increase their performance, resilience and quality.

Nature on Your Mind – in health


Nature on your doorstep – how can parks and protected areas realise their potential for contributing to health and wellbeing and reducing health inequalities in our towns and cities?

A daily dose of nature benefits physical, mental and social health and is increasingly recognised as a key intervention for improving public health and tacking health inequalities. In helping reconnect people with nature, parks and protected areas in urban and peri-urban areas can help tackle a range of health issues caused by physically inactive and social isolated lifestyles.

What Green prescription would we write to deliver the vision of “healthy parks and healthy people” in these areas? 

Lead by: Pete Rawcliffe - Scottish Natural Heritage.

Paul Barclay – Senior Project Officer, TCV Scotland
“Cumbernauld Living Landscape – the Wild Ways Well programme” On the surface, Cumbernauld appears to be a highly urbanised Scottish ‘New Town’, but in reality the area consists of 50% green space. Facing rising levels of poor mental health and social isolation, Wild Ways Well uses this incredible natural resource to demonstrate what many know instinctively - spending time outdoors, amongst nature, helps people feel better.

Jukka-Pekka Flander – Senior adviser, Counsellor of Environment, Ministry of the Environment, Finland
There are currently 9 National Urban Parks in Finland, established under legislation. NUPs are developed ‘from the bottom up’ and consist of natural and man-made ‘pearls’ on the fabric of blue and green infrastructure. The parks help deliver a range of policy areas including biodiversity, cultural heritage and human health.  This case study will show how the potential of NUPs to contribute to health outcomes is valued, and how they are being used to improve physical and mental health and help tackle specific issues experienced by urban populations.


Nature for your mind – how can parks and protected areas use nature based programmes to improve the health and well-being of people and nature?

Poor mental health puts great pressure on health and social services, and has significant impacts on economies, communities and individuals. This workshop will explore how parks and protected areas can help provide settings for prevention and restoration, and how programmes that help reconnect people to nature.

What green prescription would we write to nurture a sense of purpose and belonging needed to deliver the vision of “healthy parks and healthy people”?

Lead by: Bridget Finton - Scottish Natural Heritage

Nathalie Moriarty - Branching Out Manager, Scottish Forestry
Branching Out – positive mental health through nature

Branching Out is a 12 week conservation-on-referral programme for people accessing mental health services in Scotland. We tailor the programme to participants' needs and interests, teaching new skills as well as taking the time to enjoy the natural settings. This case study will explore how an outdoor group programme can create connections and a sense of purpose and belonging for those involved. 

Jo Roberts – CEO, Wilderness Foundation, England 
Wilderness therapy programmes – a walk on the wild side

This case study will explore wilderness therapy by bringing together practice, theory and measurement. We will explore the role of the guides / therapist in embedding change for clients that serve them into the future. We will share examples of our programmes, longitudinal work, methods and discuss our learning over 12 years of practice.


Nature’s health benefits – how can parks and protected areas make and communicate the case better to our politicians and policy makers?

Parks and protected areas are natural health centres, but recognition of this by policy makers can be low and the health benefits are often unquantified.  This workshop will look at the tools and techniques for measuring and promoting the contribution of nature based programmes to health outcomes better, and the importance of this in helping to deliver the vision of “healthy parks and healthy people”.

What green prescription would we write to policy makers to recognise better the role of protected areas?

(!) As we are using interactive methods, please BRING your mobile phones, tablets or laptops to the workshop

Lead by: Joel Erkkonen – Parks and Wildlife Finland

Carles Castell Puig - Conservation Manager, Natural Areas Department, Provincial Council of Barcelona
“Making the case for our natural health centres – a Spanish perspective” Many initiatives which aim to include the delivery of health benefits from protected areas work have been developed by Spanish administration. Two of them will be presented in this case study. One at local scale (Provincial Council of Barcelona) which offers healthy activities for target groups, and one from Valencia Region about strategic collaboration between parks and health departments.

Liisa Kajala - Senior Advisor, Parks and Wildlife Finland

Parks and Wildlife Finland has been measuring visitors´ perceived health and well-being benefits as part of the visitor monitoring programme since 2013. This case study will describe the methodology, results and how they have been useful in communicating the benefits of the parks.

Nature on Your Mind –music and arts


What synergies and unexpected combinations of Nature, Art and Design are possible to benefit protected areas?

This workshop dives into the fascinating world of art and nature and explores the various concepts being implemented to bridge arts, music, design and theatre with nature conservation and protected areas.

We will encourage participants to concretely feel, express and enjoy the wonders of art and nature in a rural participatory art-based game re-interpreting art in different scales and novel approaches.

What green prescription would we write to bring fascinating art to protected areas?

Lead by: Mikko Tiira – Parks and Wildlife Finland

Sanna-Kaisa Juvonen - Metsähallitus Parks & Wildlife, Finland
Crossing Boundaries in Finnish Protected Areas: the wonderful mix of art and nature

The presentation showcases ways to enhance nature experience through art and art experience through nature. Finnish National Parks are not just a theatre for the spectacle of life to take place but also a stage for art in its many forms. Examples of how visual arts and music have been on stage in Finnish natural and cultural heritage sites are given in the presentation.

Video Presentation by Edgars Ameriks - Peat Artist
12 sculptures from 12 artists for 12 months

The film shows process of making 12 peat sculptures, starting from peat mining in the field, handling by hand and drying. Then followed by peat processing, so that it can be used by artists. When the idea of sculptures is born, the artists begin to work towards peat blocks by carving, gluing and shaping them. The sculptures presenting 12 months were shown in the exhibition at Rundāles palace garden. Sculptures created by: Līga Jukša, Māris Upzars, Elga Grīnvalde, Matiass Jansons, Dmitry Lavrentjev, Mārtiņš Čivlis, Edgars Ameriks, Roberts Jansons, Jānis Jēkabsons, Rudīte Jēkabsone, Kristaps Strauts, Kalvis Zālītis, Nataly Demshova, Leonid Medvedsky, Verners Lazdāns, Nataly Bessonova.


How can protected areas use art to spark imagination, and catalyse the visitors’ interest for nature?

Sculpting the connection between art, nature and people – could music, sculpture, performances, break down mental and physical barriers, and help forging new connections in peoples’ hearts and minds?

The workshop will highlight some of the most ingenious art events and installations that protected areas across Europe are using… and our participants will be challenged to truly reveal their artistic side.

What green prescription would we write to bring inspirational art to protected areas?

We invite all participants to bring examples of cultural activities organised by their Protected Areas.

Lead by: Bárbara Pais - EUROPARC Federation

Nature on Your Mind – creation of spaces


How can landscape design mimic nature to create places good for people and biodiversity?

Good landscape design can be utilised in natural spaces to inspire, mobilise, help the flow of people, or even deter from places or actions that would be damaging. Design with nature in mind can even maximise health and well-being . Clever use of space has been utilised in Hoge Kempen National Park to provide opportunities for people to be in contact with nature without ever entering the core protected area. This workshop will explain how.

What green prescription would we write to ensure we create spaces that are good for our parks and good for people?

Lead by: Johan Van Den Bosch - Hoge Kempen National Park Belgium


How do we manage green exercise and the increase of outdoor sports in periurban parks?

Our parks should be designed, equipped and managed in order to facilitate all kinds of people to practice green exercise and different outdoor sports but, at the same time, minimise conflicts among users and reduce impact on biodiversity.

What green prescription would we write to manage multi-use exercise and sport in periurban parks?

Lead by: Teresa Pastor - EUROPARC Federation

Damien Prost-Romand - Grand Parc de Miribel Jonage (Grand Lyon)
What interest does a park have in organizing or hosting sports events and what are the rules to be adopted to limit their negative impacts?

Fernando Louro Alves
Trails and zoning in Parque Florestal de Monsanto (Lisbon) devised to make green exercise and biodiversity as much compatible as possible


How do we adapt protected area management to a changing climate?

Take a peek into the future of protected area management. With the first results of the LIFE #CC #NaturAdapt project, experiences of climate change vulnerability assessment and adaptive planning will be presented together with discussion to exchange on the   prototype methodology and development of a set of tools that will facilitate day-to-day planning.

What green prescription would we write to ensure Protected Area management can adapt to climate change effects?

Lead by: Olivier de Sadeleer - EUROPARC Federation

João Dinis - Head of Office for accelerating urban transition in Cascais Ambiente
This case study will share climate change adaptation experience that the Cascais Ambiente's team has gathered over the last ten years. Based on this example, we will then discuss concretely each step of the process including vulnerability assessment, adaptation actions planning and implementation. The aim is to better understand where nature conservation professionals stand on climate change and protected area management across Europe. We will discuss tools, needs, governance, pitfalls and best practices of climate change adaptation planning. We hope that in the process, we will help participants uncover how tackling this global challenge could be turned into an opportunity for their protected area.